The Bark Europa crossing the Drake Passage source
Sailing Ship, Arctic image source
Endurance, 1914 Ernest Shackleton’s legendary ship source
USS Constitution Old Ironsides
American Famous Ship USS Constitution
Topsail Schooner Lynx
- Peter Kemp, Baltimore’s best known 19th-century shipbuilder, worked in the Fells Point area. He built the square topsail schooner Lynx in 1812 for just under $10,000. It measured 97 feet long and 25 tons, a bit larger than the swift pilot boats after which it was modeled. Pilot boats had to be fast, for the first one that reached a vessel offshore won the job to lead it through local waters into the port facilities.
- The Lynx was a letter of marque—a merchant vessel authorized to take prizes—rather than a privateer designed and built only to raid enemy shipping. Letters of marque were armed merchant vessels which were granted the authority to chase enemy merchantmen during the normal course of business, if an opportunity arose. Unlike privateers, letter of marque vessels paid their crews a regular wage, and their income did not depend on income from enemy ships. As a result, the Lynx carried only six guns and a 40-man crew instead of the many guns and big crews of privateers.
- Lynx served less than a year before it was captured by a British fleet of 17 vessels while trying to run a blockade off the Rappahannock River, Virginia. Renamed the Mosquidobit, it served in the British naval squadron blockading Chesapeake Bay. At the end of the War of 1812, it served against France. In recognition of its superior sailing characteristics, its hull shape was recorded by the Royal Navy. In 1820, it resumed service as a private merchant vessel. source
1870 Tall Ship Constellation Sloop of War
Constellation fought and captured the frigate L’Insurgente of 36 guns, the fastest ship in the French Navy — the first major victory by an American-designed and built warship. In February 1800 Constellation fought a night encounter with the frigate La Vengeance of 54 guns. Constellation was victorious after a five-hour battle. The French commander just managed to save his ship from capture and -upon returning to port- was so humiliated he later boasted that the American ship he had fought was a much larger and more powerful ship of the line. Since the encounter, the Constellations incredible speed and power inspired the French to nickname her the “Yankee Racehorse”.
CSS Alabama Painting by Tom Harper
HMS Endeavour Under Sails image source
In 1768 Lieutenant James Cook, Royal Navy, set sail on HMS Endeavour on a voyage of exploration and scientific investigation and through his journeys. Cook was considered to be one of the greatest explorers. In 1770 Cook reached New Zealand where he circumnavigated and completely charted the north and south islands before continuing west. In April, he sighted the east coast of Australia and sailed north along the coast before anchoring in what he named Botany Bay. He then continued north to Cape York and on to Jakarta and Indonesia. During the four months voyage along the coast Cook charted the coastline from Victoria to Queensland and proclaimed the eastern part of the continent for Great Britain. Cook was the first person to accurately chart a substantial part of the coastline of Australia and to fix the continent in relation to known waters.
When Endeavour left England on 26 August 1768, 94 people were aboard, including her captain, Lieutenant James Cook.
As a young man, Cook learned his seamanship in Whitby colliers on the English coast. In 1755, he joined the Royal Navy as an able seaman, aged 27. His experiences quickly earned him promotion. As a Master on the 64-gun ship of the line HMS Pembroke, Cook went to war against France in Admiral Boscawen’s squadron. He was at the capture of Louisbourg and the siege of Quebec. Cook remained in North America charting and surveying. On his return to England, he was promoted to Lieutenant in 1768 and given command of HMB Endeavour.
Life on board Endeavour was rough and sometimes dangerous, with little or no privacy. However, compared to his counterpart on land, a seaman ate a hot meal every day with meat four times a week, a pound of bread and a gallon of beer a day. This was supplemented with dried fish, pease pudding, oatmeal, butter or oil, cheese, fresh fish and vegetables when possible. Although some on board Endeavour contracted scurvy, no-one died of the disease, which often killed a third of a ship’s crew during a long sea voyage.
Sailing Schooner “Bluenose” Under Sails image source
The schooner “Bluenose” has a very special place in the history of navigation and yachting. Built to fish off the Newfoundland coast.
The original Bluenose was launched as a Grand Banks fishing and racing schooner on 26 March 1921 in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. It was designed by William Roué and built by the Smith and Rhuland Shipyard. Bluenose Captain Angus Walters and the builders who crafted the sleek vessel had something to prove.
Famous Canadian Schooner Model Ship “Bluenose”
Three-mast schooner Atlantic that held transatlantic record for almost a century
Commissioned by New York Yacht Club member Wilson Marshall, Atlantic was launched in 1903.
She was designed by William Gardner, one of America’s foremost designers of large yachts.
From the moment Atlantic went to sea, it was clear that she was an exceptionally fast and beautiful schooner. When a yacht in 1903 hits twenty knots during her sea trials, she is a promising yacht, but even then nobody could imagine two years later this yacht would set a record that would stand unmatched for almost a century
Schooner Atlantic Model Deck Details For Sale
HMS Surprise Under Sails source
The Ship — Oliver Hazard Perry source
H.M.S. Surprise has become famous as the 18th-century tall ship portrayed in the movie “Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World,” starring Russell Crowe. The ship used in the Academy Award-winning film is actually a modern tall ship – a magnificent replica of a 24-gun Royal Navy frigate. The Surprise was painstakingly re-created to look like a vessel from the Revolutionary War Era. The replica ship was christened H.M.S. Rose when launched in 1970 in Nova Scotia, and for more than 30 years it served as a sail-training vessel, primarily along the East Coast. In the movie, a fictional British frigate named the Surprise and a much larger French warship, the Acheron, stalk each other off of the coast of South America. The movie, directed by Peter Weir, was based on a book by author Patrick OBrian. After the movie, the ship’s name was officially changed from the Rose to the Surprise. Today, H.M.S. Surprise resides dockside at the San Diego Maritime Museum and is still seaworthy.
Tall Ship Crew source
Tall Ship Atlantis was launched in Hamburg in 1905 and in the early ‘80s was converted into an elegant three-masted barquentine. She henceforth sailed with guests in Western Europe and the Caribbean.
Tall Ship Eagle
Frigate Denmark in New York source
At Sea, Sailing Tall Ship
Gjøa was the first Norwegian vessel to transit the Northwest Passage at the beginning of 19th century With a crew of six, Roald Amundsen traversed the passage in a three-year journey
Sailing Schooner Atlantic photo credit JUERG KAUFMANN
Schooner Atlantic Photo credit to Kees Stuip
Tall Ship Parade
Tall Ships image source
Sailing Adventure source
Training Vessel Tall Ship “Nadezhda”
Tall Ship Kruzenshtern Training Vessel
Tall Ship Source